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Open Educational Resources (OER)

This guide offers an overview of OER, open licensing, and will help you to locate and evaluate open resources to use in your courses or as supplementary material.

What are Open Educational Resources?

Open Educational Resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials in any medium – digital or otherwise – that reside in the public domain or have been released under an open license that permits no-cost access, use, adaptation and redistribution by others with no or limited restrictions.


The 5R Permissions of OER


  • Make, own, and control copies of the content (e.g., download, duplicate, store, and manage)


  • Use the content in a wide range of ways (in a class, in a study group, on a website, in a video)


  • Adapt, adjust, modify, or alter the content (translate, reorganize, reformat)


  • Combine the original or revised content with other material to create something new (mashup, anthology, package)


  • Share copies of the original content, your revisions, or your remixes (give a copy to a friend, share online)
This material is based on original writing by David Wiley, which was published freely under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license at

Why Open Education?

Video From The Council of Chief State School Officers

This video is licensed under a Creative Commons CC-BY 4.0 license. 

Video created by Blinktower

This video is licensed under a Creative Commons CC-BY 3.0 Unported license.

Why Adopt OER in Your Classroom?


One of the strongest supports for the adoption of OER has been the cost benefits for students. The College Board estimates that the average student in the United States will spend up to $1220-$1420 a year on their required course materials1. As many as 65% of students admitted that they had deliberately chosen not to purchase their course materials, due to the cost involved. Additionally, as many as 48% of students reported that textbook costs impacted how many and which their course enrollment decisions2.

This translates to is a growing number of students who either cannot, or choose not to purchase their course materials - leaving them without the information necessary to be successful in their coursework. It also leads to empty chairs in classrooms due to students dropping courses that they cannot afford. Open Educational Resources are an excellent solution to the rising cost of course materials, as they are free resources available to all, guaranteeing 100% of student will have access, almost instantaneously.



OER are receiving growing support as permissions are the clear, easy-to-understand. Many OER use Creative Commons Licenses, which specify the ways you are legally allowed to access, download, use, revise, and share the materials you need.


Innovation and Collaboration

Because OER are freely shared with others, there is a growing network of resources that instructors may draw upon to use in their courses - many of which have already been adopted and extensively reviewed by other instructors in your field. Since OER allow for revision and sharing in most cases, you have a greater capacity to build upon the works of others - customizing and combining resources to create innovative course curriculum. 

OER also provide ample opportunities for ongoing collaboration between different individuals, departments, and institutions, in order to build truly unique materials. 

1. College Board (n.d.). "Average Estimated Undergraduate Budgets, 2017-18." Accessed July 18, 2018.

2. U.S. PIRG Education Fund and the Student PIRGs. (2014). "Fixing the Broken Textbook Market: How Students Respond to High Textbook Costs and Demand Alternatives."